II SAMUEL AND 1 CHRONICLES
1. Author - 2Samuel - unknown: 1 Chronicles was probably authored by Ezra the scribe of Ezra 7:1-6
2. Date - The events of the books, excluding the genealogies, occurred between 1000 B.C. and 960 B.C.
3. Setting - Israel had its human kingdom for 40 years with Saul as king. The action of these two books begins with the
accounting of Saul's death and David's taking the throne. Both books record David leading the nation to greatness and
preparing everything for the building of the Temple by Solomon.
III. PURPOSE OF THE BOOK
1. Key Verses: 4:10; 5:12; 8:15; 12:10-13
2. Theme - David, King of Israel: his righteousness and his sin, his judgment and his reward
1) The righteousness of David
a. David's attitude toward his enemies: Saul - 2 Sam'l; 1:11-16; Abner - 3:26-36; Ishbosheth - 4:8-12; Shimei - 19:18-23
b. David trusted God: 2 Sam'l 2:1; 5:19; 6:12; 7:18-29; 1 Chronicles 14:13-17
c. God's covenant with David: 7:4-17
d. His attitude toward God's people: 1 Chr. 21:14-17
2) David's sins
a. Adultery - 2 Samuel 11:2-5
b. Deceit - 2 Samuel 11:6-13
c. Murder - 2 Samuel 11:4-21
d. Numbering Israel - 2 Sam'l 24:9-10; 1 Chr.21:2-8; 27:23-24
3) God's judgments on David as spoken through Nathan - 2 Sam 12:1-12
a. Death of first son - 12:15-20
b. Death of second son - 13:28-29
c. Death of third son - 18:14-15
d. Death of fourth son - 1 Kings 2:24-25
e. Plague because of numbering - 2 Samuel 24:11-16;
4) David's preparation for building the temple
a. Purchase of property: 24:18-25; 1 Chr. 21:18-28
b. Provision of materials: 1 Chr. 22:1-5; 29:1-9
c. Solomon charged to build the temple: 1 Chr. 22:6-16
d. Plans for temple given to Solomon: 1 Chr. 28:11-21
III. ABOUT THE MESSIAH
Son of David - Matthew 1:1-16 - who built God's house - Hebrews 3:1-6 - and whose kingdom was established forever – Ephesians
2:20-23; 2 Samuel 7:12-16; 1 Chronicles 17:9-14; 1 Kings 1:31-33
IV. APPLICATIONS - LESSONS
1. David frequently "inquired of Yahweh" whether he should do a certain thing and then did as God answered. He set a good
example for all to follow.
2. David sinned when he yielded to his own lusts. The fruit of such action is very obvious. 1 Samuel shows the far-reaching
results of sin.
3.David showed active repentance for each sin he realized and in spite of his sins. God called him "a man after my heart, who
shall do all my will" (Acts 13:22). Repentance is a noble act of humility we should imitate.
4. David's strong desire was to exalt God.
5. Through David's sins the lineage of Messiah was continued (Matthew 1:6) and the exact spot for the Temple was provided
(1 Chronicles 21; 2 chr. 3:1-2). This is not an encouragement for us to sin and be used by God. But to realize that when sin
has occurred in our lives or the lives of others, it does not have to mean defeat, because God can still carry out His will and
turn it all to good. (Compare Judas and Peter in their sins against Jesus and their responses to it).
2 SAMUEL AND 1 CHRONICLES QUESTIONS
1. Why was David successful? (2 Samuel 5:10; 8:14)
2. What prompted David's sin with Bathsheba and Uriah?
3. In what ways did David illustrate the likeness of Christ as King?
4. Why did David have so much trouble among his own children? (2 Samuel 12:10-15)
5. Even though David was told by God that he could not build God's house, did David have an active part in building it?
6. Could David be a man after God's heart with sin in his life?
7. Did Solomon completely fulfill the prophecy of 2 Samuel? 7:12-16