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lesson 5

 

Jesus and His Disciples

 

 

I. The Apostles

a. What is an apostle?

i. The word means, "One sent".

ii. The term is used in other books of the N.T. not only to refer to the 12 disciples that accompanied Jesus,

but also to some who worked as missionaries.

b. In this lesson the term is used to refer to the 12 intimate disciples of Jesus

c. Who were they?

i. There are 4 lists:

1. Matthew 10:2-4

2. Mark 3:16-19

3. Luke 6:14-16

4. Acts 1:13

ii. See the following page with a table representing the 4 lists.

d. General Observations

i. Among the 12 there were 3 pair of brothers: Simon (Peter) and Andrew; James and John; James, the son

of Alphaeus, and Judas (Thaddaeus).

ii. There were 3 pairs who had the same names: Simon, Judas, and James

iv. All were from Galilee except Judas Iscariot who was from Kerioth, a town in Judea.

iv. All were from Galilee except Judas Iscariot who was from Kerioth, a town in Judea.

v. The number of apostles corresponds to the 12 tribes of Israel Matthew 19:28

e. The calling (naming) of the 12 and some characteristics

i. According to Mark 3:13-15, it is possible to say that they were chosen principally for 3 reasons:

1. To accompany Jesus fellowship and discipleship

2. To preach the message

3. To drive out demons 9 heal see Mt. 10:1

ii. Their former occupations:

1. According to Mt. 4:18-22, Peter, Andrew, James and John were fisherman.

2. Matthew 9:9-13 says that Levi (Matthew) was a tax collector.

3. There is no mention as to what the others did.

iii. They suffered for Christ

1. James, son of Zebedee, was killed by Herod Acts 12:1

2. John probably died in exile on the Isle of Patmos Rev. 1:9

3. Several, if not all, were jailed at one time or another see Acts 3-4

4. According to tradition, all died as martyrs for their faith.

f. In summary, the apostles were generally men without much education and without much money. They were told

to make other disciples in all parts of the world, teaching these others all that the Lord Jesus had taught to them,

and to testify to God's power and to the resurrected Jesus. They were very different from each other, but God

used them (except for Judas Iscariot) because of their spirit of sacrifice, dedication, and faithfulness to the Lord Jesus.

 

 

The Twelve Apostles

Matthew 10:2-4

Mark 3:16-19

Luke 6:14-16

Acts 1:13

Simon (Peter)

Simon (Peter)

Simon (Peter)

Peter

Andrew

Andrew

Andrew

Andrew

James, son of Zebedee

James, son of Zebedee

James

James

John, son of Zebedee

John, son of Zebedee

John

John

Philip

Philip

Philip

Philip

Bartholomew

Bartholomew

Bartholomew

Bartholomew

Thomas

Thomas

Thomas

Thomas

Matthew

Matthew

Matthew

Matthew

James, son of Alphaeus

James, son of Alphaeus

James, son of Alphaeus

James, son of Alphaeus

Thaddaeus

Thaddaeus

Judas, son of James

Judas, son of James

Simon the Zealot

Simon the Zealot

Simon the Zealot

Simon the Zealot

Judas Iscariot

Judas Iscariot

Judas Iscariot

(Matthias)

 

 

II. Other disciples (the word means "student" or "follower").

a. Jesus had many other disciples besides the 12 called the Apostles. Jesus said on one occasion that whoever was

not with him was therefore against Him (Lk. 11:23). In other words, there was no other option (nor is there today),

one either is a follower of Jesus, supporting Him in every way, or he is against Jesus, undermining everything for

which Jesus stands.

b. During the time in which Jesus walked upon this earth, it appears that many, if not most, of His disciples

accompanied Him on His journeys, committed to His teaching and message.

i. Among the disciples wee found several women Lk. 8:2; 23:49; Mary, Magdalene, Joanna, and Susanna

were three of them.

ii. John 6:66 tells us that many of those that had followed Jesus left him apparently because his teachings became

difficult to accept and due to what Jesus expected in terms of commitment from a true disciple.

c. Jesus' requirements of a true disciple: Although there were many that only half-heartedly followed Jesus for a time,

of those that truly wanted to be disciples, Jesus required much more.

i. Absolute faithfulness to follow him at all times _ Lk. 14:25-33; Lk. 9:57-62

ii. The need to put Jesus and his demands in first place no matter what the cost might be.

iii. Every disciple of Jesus was taught by him and had the responsibility of sharing the message of Jesus with

others. See Luke 12:1-12.

 

Lesson 5 Questions

Jesus and His Disciples

 

1. There were at least 3 apostles that were fishermen. Who were they?

 

2. What does the word "apostle" mean?

 

3. Who were the 3 pair of brothers among the 12 apostles?

 

4. For what 3 reasons were the 12 chosen?

 

5. True or False

a.______The tax collector among the 12 was named Matthew.

b.______All the apostles were from Galilee.

 

c.______The list of the 12 found in Matthew is completely different from the list found in John.

 

d.______In the N.T. the word "apostle" is used also to refer to missionaries.

 

e.______Generally the 12 were very educated men.

 

f.______The 12 lived a life without many problems and almost always died naturally at an old age.

 

g.______The 12 generally worked as preachers in established churches never traveling much outside their own towns.

 

h._____God could use the 12 because they were so much alike in every way.

i._____The only disciples Jesus had were the 12.

 

j._____There were no women who were disciples of Jesus.

 

k._____The majority of Jesus' disciples left him before his death.

 

6. According to this lesson, because of what 3 qualities could God use the 12?

 

7. What are 3 requirements of a true disciple of Jesus?

 

Application

 

1.If you had followed Jesus in his time, would you have had the qualities to be one of the 12? Why?

 

2.What is your greatest difficulty in being a disciple of Jesus?

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