1. Author - It is not known who the author is. Whoever he was, he knew the Old Sacrificial, Mosaical System as well as a
2. Date - Probably before A.D. 70, since the Jewish Christians written to herein were seeking to go back to a form Judaism,
which would have existed before the Fall of Jerusalem in A.D. 70. No mention of Jerusalem's fall.
3. Setting - At this time, there was a great, patriotic and nationalistic call back to Judaism. Since this was to Christians with
Jewish lineage, these people would be feeling that call. All the terms used in Hebrews were ones that Jews would
understand; hence, we need to understand in that way.
II. PURPOSE OF THE BOOK
1. Key verses: 3:1, 6; 4:14-16; 10:19-25; 12:1-3, 12-13
2. Purpose: Many Jewish Christians were considering going back to Judaism and leaving Christ. The writer wants them to consider
what they are leaving and what they are going back to. No matter what hardships are involved, the writer shows that Jesus is
better in all respects to anything Judaism had to offer. He does this by showing the following:
1) Christ is Divine, that is, He is God; and He is superior to Angels: Hebrews 1:1-14
2) Christ is Human; He understands: Hebrews 2:1-18
3) Christ is superior to Moses and Joshua: Hebrews 3-4:13
4) Christ is a compassionate Priest and is of a better order of priests: Hebrews 4:14-7:28
5) Christ is a Mediator of a Better Covenant: Hebrews 8:1-13
6) Christ has a superior Temple Ministry: Hebrews 9:1-28
7) Christ is the superior Sacrifice: Hebrews 10:1-39
8) Therefore, since Christ is superior to all, then He is the best choice to put our faith in. Through our faith in Jesus, we
should continue to persevere: Hebrews 11:1-13:25
III. APPLICATIONS - LESSONS
1. Hebrews was intended to build faith in Jesus:
1) Therefore, use the book to teach the lost!
2) Therefore, use the book to re-build weak Christians' faith!
2. God chose how He wanted to speak to us today: Hebrews 1:1-4
1) NOT through angels today: Hebrews 2:2-4
2) NOT through prophets today: Hebrews 1:1-4
3) NOT through men, even though some claim to be the mouth of God.
4) Only through His son, Jesus Christ: Hebrews 1:1-4
3. Some people today say, "No one understands the problem that I am going through." But what does the Hebrew writer say?
1) "He is able to help those who are tempted": Hebrews 2:15-18
2) "He has been tempted in every way like us": Hebrews 4:14-16
3) "He ever lives to make intercession for us": Hebrews 7:25
4) Therefore, Jesus does understand our problems and He is able to help us overcome those problems by His power.
4. God has planned a Rest for His people. Hebrews 3-5
1) God rested on the Seventh Day of creation: Genesis 2:2-3
2) The Israelites rested on the Sabbath Day: Exodus 20:8-11
3) We have a rest to look forward to as Christians: Hebrews 4:8-11 Revelation 14:13
1. True or False:
____ 1) We know for a fact who wrote Hebrews.
____ 2) The writer of the Hebrew letter knew the Mosaical Sacrificial system very well
____ 3) The book of Hebrews was written to show how great the Law of Moses truly was.
2. What was the Hebrew letter intended to do?
3. Name three (3) areas in which Christ is superior to the Old Law and system:
4. Multiple Choice:
1) The people to whom the Hebrew letter was written were:
a. Considering killing and persecuting Christians.
b. Considering leaving Christianity and going back to Judaism.
c. Considering selling their property and giving the price of it to the church.
2) The Hebrew letter shows:
a. Jesus is better in all respects to anything else offered.
b. what the proper way to baptize a person is.
c. how to have the Lord's Supper.
5. Christ was both _____________________ and _______________ while He was here on earth.
6. God speaks to us today through His ___________________.
7. How can the Hebrew letter be used today?