1. Author - Moses, the prophet: Joshua 8:30-35
2. Date - The events of Exodus took place over a 431 year period from around 1870 to 1440 B.C.; Exodus 12:40, 40:17
3. Setting - The children of Israel were in terrible bondage under Pharaoh of Egypt because of his fear of their increasing
numbers in his land
II. PURPOSE OF THE BOOK
1. Key Verses: 3:6-10; 6:2-8; 19:5-6; 29:43-46
2. Theme: Moses has been raised up by God to deliver Israel from Egypt, that they might become a great nation as God
promised Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. In doing God through Moses would also give Israel a set of laws which would
make them Holy, separate unto Him. God's faithfulness is seen by:
1) Multiplying the children of Israel in good and bad times: ch. 1
2) Hearing their calls and providing a deliverer: ch. 2-4
a. Who was rejected initially: 2:13f; Acts 7
b. Who wasn't self-confident: 3:11; 4:1; 10
c. Who argued with God: 32:30f
d. Who was humble: Numbers 12:3
3) Delivering Israel: Ch. 5-15
a. By judging Egypt and her gods: ch. 5-14
b. By protecting Israel: ch 8-14
c. In amazing, faith-creating ways: 8-19; 14:30f
d. With wealth: 12:35-36
4) Not destroying Israel when they grumbled: ch. 15-18
5) Making them His holy nation: ch. 19-40
a. With God as the ruler: ch. 19-20
b. With just human laws: ch. 21-23
c. With tabernacle laws: ch. 25-31
d. With Moses as a mediator: ch. 24, 32-34
e. With a portable sanctuary (so God can be among His people): ch. 35-40
III. ABOUT THE MESSIAH
1. "I AM": 3:14; John 8:24; 28, 58
2. Passover Lamb: ch. 12; 1Corinthians 5:7
3. Exodus has many copies or shadows, as the Hebrew writer calls them. Some of the major ones are:
1) Israel: ch. 19f; Romans 9:6f
2) Slavery to freedom: ch. 1 -2; 12-14; Romans 6:16f
3) Manna: ch. 16; John 6:31f
4) Sanctuary: ch. 25f; 1Corinthians 3:17, etc.
5) Covenant begun with blood: ch. 24; Hebrews 9:15f
6) Veil: ch. 26; Hebrews 6:19-20; 9:3-10; 10:19-20
7) One mediator between God and man: ch. 20; 32; 1Timothy 2:5-6
8) Salvation by/through water -- Baptism: ch. 14; 1Cor. 10:1-2; 1Peter 3:20-22
9) Protected by blood: ch. 3:6; Ephesians 1:7
4. There is a resurrection: ch. 3:6; Luke 20:37-38
IV. APPLICATIONS -- LESSONS
1. God is:
1) See Nehemiah 9:9-20; 32-35; as a divine commentary on the God of Exodus
2) Jealous: 20:5; 34:14
3) Exodus: 34:5-7
2. God will:
1) Hear our cries, remember and keep His promises: 2:24f; ch. 12f
2) Make us sufficient for our ministry: 3:6 - 4:17; 2 Cor. 3:4-6
3) Dwell among His people: 29:46
4) Punish the willful sinner severely: 32:25f; Heb. 10:26f
5) Have compassion on whom He wants to: 33:19
3. People of faith today:
1) Reflect the glory fo the Lord: 34:33f; 2Cor. 3:12-18
2) Live like Moses: Hebrews 11:25-29; 40; 16
3) Won't live like the Israelites: 1Cor. 10:5-13
4) Won't live under the laws of Exodus: Galatians 5:1-15
5) Will use the book of Exodus to:
a. Teach some of the lost: Acts 26:22f; 28:23
b. Encourage and equip their brethren: Romans 15:4; 2Timothy 3:16-17
1. How is the God of Exodus the same as the God of the New Testament:
2. List several of the shadows in Exodus that became reality in the New Testament and explain their importance to us today.
3. What do the miracles of chapters 5 to 14 teach about God and false Gods?
4. How can you use this book to teach/encourage unbelievers?
5. What does Exodus teach about leadership and leading God's people?
6. What does it teach about following?
7. What did people do to move god in a positive way? In a negative way?
8. What were the children of Israel never to forget?
9. What should we never forget? Why?
10. What did the law of Moses do for the children of Israel?
11. What can the law of Moses do for us?
12. How will you use Exodus to encourage and equip your brethren?
13. What tribe of the children of Israel were Moses and Aaron from? (Ch. 2, 4)
14. What was it that God would see on the houses of the Israelites that would cause Him to "pass over" the house? (ch. 12)
15. When Israel left Egypt what did the Egyptians give them as they left? (ch. 12)
16. Did the people of Israel enjoy hearing God as He spoke to them from the top of the mountain? (ch. 20)
17. What happened to the skin of Moses' face whenever he talked with God? (ch. 34)
18. What did Moses do about his face after talking with God?