THE GIFTS OF THE HOLY SPIRIT
Rom 12:3-8; 1 Cor 12; Eph 4:11
Several problems have surfaced with respect to the doctrine of the Holy Spirit. At one extreme are those that deny or
ignore the existence of the gifts of the Spirit. The result is that they tend to praise the human side for the good that a
Christian does, rather than recognize that it was due to a gift given by God, the Spirit. At the other extreme are those
that place so much emphasis on the gifts that they equate the possession of such gifts with spirituality. Another problem
is that some recognize a gift (or gifts) that they have and give it so much emphasis that they ignore other responsibilities
they have as Christians, excusing themselves claiming, "It is not my gift.."
1. What is a spiritual gift and for what is it used?
A spiritual gift is an ability or power given by the Holy Spirit to the believer to edify (build up) or serve the body of
Christ, the church (or help it to grow) - Eph 4:12; 1Cor 12:7
2. Who has spiritual gifts?
Each Christian has received at least one spiritual gift - Romans 12:6; 1 Cor. 12:7,11
3. How many spiritual gifts are there?
a. There are several different lists of spiritual gifts: 1 Cor 12; Rom 12:3-8; Eph 4:11. All totaled there are 16 listed - of
course there may be spiritual gifts not found on a list - the lists are perhaps to give examples.
b. There are several ways of classifying spiritual gifts, but none of these systems is found in the bible. One of these
Classification systems is found in the next lesson. What follows is another system based on the idea that not all the
gifts exist today. There is no universal agreement on which gifts were temporary.
c. Temporary gifts - these were to authenticate or confirm the message or the messenger - 2 Cor 12:12; Heb 2:1-4;
Jn 10:37-38. John implies in John 20:30-31 that the miracles mentioned in his gospel account are sufficient to create
faith, even as the miracles themselves were
1. Performing miracles - 1 Cor 12,
2. Healing - 1 Cor 12
3. Message of wisdom & knowledge 1 Cor 12:8
4. Speaking in tongues - 1 Cor. 12
5. Interpretation of tongues - 1 Cor 12
6. Apostle - Eph 4:11; 1 Cor. 12:29
7. Prophet - Eph 4:11; 1 Cor. 12:29
(Many times the gifts of Apostle and Prophet are also considered to have been temporary revealing God's
message Eph. 2:20; 3;5. Since the church already has its foundations laid and God's message revealed
in the Bible, these gifts are no longer considered necessary.)
d. Permanent gifts - not everyone is in agreement concerning the number of such gifts
1. Evangelist - Eph 4:11
2. Pastor/administration - Eph 4:11; Rom 12:8, 1 Cor 12:28
3. Teacher - Eph 4;11
4. Encourager - Rom 12:8
5. Service and help - Rom 12:7, 1 Cor. 12:28
6. Faith (faithfulness) - 1 Cor 12:9
7. Giving - Rom 12:8
8. Showing mercy (compassion) - Rom 12:8
The Holy Spirit gives gifts to Christians today. These are to edify, serve, and help the church to grow. If all these
gifts do not exist today, nevertheless a sufficient number do exist to accomplish the work that God has for us.
Therefore, we should use whatever ability (or abilities) that the Spirit has given us to bless the church.
Memory Verses: Eph 4:11-12
1. T F Probably all the gifts that existed in the first century still exist today.
2. What are the 8 gifts that exist today?
3. In general, what is a gift of the Holy Spirit?
4. Who has a gift of the Holy Spirit?
5. What are the 6 gifts that seem to have been temporary?
Lesson 8 - Chart
The Gifts Of The Holy Spirit
Gifts which Instruct Explanation of the Gift
Apostle - This was a special gift of the 12, Matthias and Paul; in a general sense it is one sent to evangelize an unbelieving
world; a missionary.
Prophet - Basically the ability to proclaim God's message; it does not necessarily include predicting the future - Acts 13.
Until the NT was completed, some men had to receive and proclaim messages directly received from God.
Evangelist - This is the gift of preaching and teaching the gospel to unbelievers in order to lead them to Christ. We all
have the responsibility to be involved in evangelism, but only some have the gift of "evangelist."
Teacher - Basically it refers to the ability of leading new Christians towards perfection in Christ.
Encouragement - This has to do with the ability to encourage and motivate others to become more active in the Lord's work.
Message of Wisdom - The gift of applying one's knowledge of God's will to build up the people of God.
Message of Knowledge - The special ability to discover God's truths as found in His Word to edify the Body of Christ.
Gifts which Serve
Serve & Help - A special ability to relieve the burdens of another, to minister to a necessity, or help someone in other ways.
Faith (Faithfulness) - The ability to trust completely in God's power and love to work His will in our lives and in the world.
Giving - To give generously; to give just because one sees a need, nothing more.
Administration/ Shepherding - This probably focuses on the elders of the church; but it also likely includes those
having the gift of guiding others, inspiring them to reach their goals.
Showing Mercy - The ability to sympathize with someone that is hurting and to say, or possibly do, & Compassion
something to alleviate the situation.
Gifts which Confirm
Perform Miracles - The ability to show divine and supernatural power in order to confirm the gospel or
a divine commission, such as an apostle's.
Perform Healings - The power to restore miraculously a person's health, physical, emotional or spiritual.
Speak in Tongues - The power to speak in a language not previously known or studied by an individual.
Interpretation of Tongues - The ability, given by the Holy Spirit and not due to study, of interpreting what one with the
gift of tongues is saying.