THE OLD AND THE NEW
I TEXTUAL THOUGHTS
1. Jeremiah 31:31-34; Ezekiel 37:24-28 - the prophets spoke of a new covenant to come.
2. Matthew 9:14-17 - Jesus spoke of the old and the new.
3. Luke 22:20 - Jesus said the new covenant was brought in with the shedding of his blood.
4. 2 Corinthians 3:5-6; Galatians 4:21-31 - Paul wrote of a new covenant, one of life and freedom.
6. Hebrews 9:1, 6, 9, 14 - This chapter is about worshipping God.
7. The "old" way of worshipping God is described as: the first - :1,15,18; the earthly - :1; a
symbol - :9; temporary (implied) - :10; made with hands, of human origin (implied) - :11;
old (implied) - :15; copies - :23-24.
8. The "new" way is described as: the good, the greater, the more perfect, not made with
hands, of divine origin - :11; new - :15; heavenly, better - :23; the true one - :24.
II. MAIN THEME: Hebrews 9 - According to Hebrews 9, a change of covenant has come. We can now worship God with a clear conscience, because of what Christ has done.
1. The change of covenant has happened. It is:
a. A time of reformation - :10. "to correct, a complete rectification, reformation; Acts 24:2.
b. The consummation of the ages - :26. "signifies a bringing to completion together",
c. The "old" is past - "had regulations" is past tense - 9:1.
d. The "new" is come - "He is the mediator of a new covenant - 9:15.
2. The change of covenant affects worship.
a. In the first covenant only the priests offered sacrifices - 9:6.
b. Only one person, the high priest, was allowed into the Most Holy Place once a year - 9:6-7.
c. Now, all Christians can offer sacrifices to the living God - 9:14; Romans 12:1
d. This worship is a daily way of life, not a once a year or weekly ritual - 9:14; Romans 12:2.
e. This daily worship is possible because each believer has been made perfect or clean in conscience - 9:9, 14.
3. The change of covenant, from old to new, has taken place because the Christ died.
a. A testament takes effect when a death occurs - 9:15-17.
b. The old covenant was established with the death of animals - 9:18-20.
c. Christ shed his unblemished blood - 9:11-12.
d. Therefore we can be cleansed and able to worship God with a clear conscience - 9:13-14, 23.
III. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS
1. How will you choose to worship, in an old, inferior way, relying on humans; or through Jesus, relying on the sinless one?
2. You should have a clear conscience, draw near to God joyfully - 9:14.
3. You have the promise of an eternal inheritance, so lay aside greed/covetousness - 9:15.
4. You have been forgiven, live gratefully - 9:22.
5. You have been made priests, worship/serve the living God in holiness - 9:14.
6. Whatever the circumstances, live with hope, not despair, eagerly awaiting Christ to return bringing
salvation - 9:28.
IV. MEMORY VERSES - Hebrews 9:13-14